Simply hoping for a good outcome or praying for the child's safety are insufficient on moral grounds. In Kant's own words its aim is to search for and establish the supreme principle of morality, the categorical imperative. Kant’s whole project is thus to develop a metaphysics of morals — which he does with the Critique of (Pure) Practical Reason, published in 1788, three years after the Groundwork. Because human beings are not exclusively rational, morality presents itself as a command. eNotes plot summaries cover all the significant action of Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals. Second section:—Transition from popular moral philosophy to the metaphysic of morals. There can be both a metaphysics of nature (of physics) and of morals (ethics), the second of which can be broken down into the empirical (practical anthropology) and the rational (morals). First, actions are moral if and only if they are … But this paves the way for an extension in the power of practical reason. Kant says that this feeling has insight into reason’s true purpose, which he’ll go into later. Kant believes that we don’t have to know the basis of this respect to follow the law. People are often inclined to do what satisfies this or that urge or desire, so morality has to appear as a command, rather than a matter of course. "Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals Study Guide." If it were nature’s goal only to make us happy and only to preserve ourselves, then the will would have been a bad thing to give us. Course. . The original meaning of ‘apodictic’ is ‘self-evident’ (from the Greek ≤apó + deíknumi). 00 Hrs. Hence the Bible says to love your enemy. He identifies the source of goodness in common moral actions as a ‘Good Will’ done from ‘Duty’, denying any role for inclination ‘ instead, value lies in the quality of the ‘Maxim’ instructing the action. Web. The Metaphysics of Morals (German: Die Metaphysik der Sitten) is a 1797 work of political and moral philosophy by Immanuel Kant.In structure terms, it is divided into two sections: the Doctrine of Right, dealing with rights, and the Doctrine of Virtue, dealing with virtues. Kant insists that only the actions of the former have true moral worth. . Students, as well as philosophers, tend to find this argument of Kant’s rather unappealing. Actions are right, therefore, not for their results but for the motive that initiated the action. eNotes plot summaries cover all the significant … Kant's Moral Theory (Part 1 of 2) - Duration: 14:02. People may not, in fact, be free in the way required by moral motivation. Not affiliated with Harvard College. Each person develops a personal rule or policy that guides and explains action. Now imagine if such a person felt no pleasure in doing the right thing, but still continued doing it because he feels that he has to, that it’s the right thing. Thus, Kant argues, human reason can actually easily distinguish good from evil; we can be aware of duty, and we don’t ultimately need a philosophy to be moral. Complete summary of Immanuel Kant's Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals. .3 2 Definitions of key terms4 3 A summary of the argument6 2. A final insight on duty will aid a transition to Section 2. . (Metaphysics of Morals, Ak 6:470). That happens to be the right thing to do, but that doesn’t mean it was done from duty. Upon examination of the good will, which is the only thing in the universe that is unconditionally good, Kant finds a will motivated to act from a respect for duty, regardless of competing interests. First, he argues that, if we do the good just because we feel like it, that’s no guarantee that we will keep doing good. 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